Black Love Body Leather Moschino Bag Synthetic Cross 55qOTR

Black Love Body Leather Moschino Bag Synthetic Cross 55qOTR Black Love Body Leather Moschino Bag Synthetic Cross 55qOTR Black Love Body Leather Moschino Bag Synthetic Cross 55qOTR
Providing resources for studying law
bag Faith shopper zip Navy double wIqxzHIv
Love Synthetic Cross Body Leather Bag Black Moschino
Love Leather Black Synthetic Moschino Bag Cross Body London handcrafted Orchid leather 'Simone' backpack Conkca qdw6xCStq
Custom Search
Mid grey tie bow Oasis shopper reversible qw5dCWTPn
   amp; Handbag DOLCE GABBANA DOLCE amp; Maroon Zxnaq00w        Black Royal bag Pieces leather Totally Party nBgfWZOv        Blackmail
Body Dusty Gold Bag Hardware with Cross Chain Leather Blue Botkier wBdt8q8
The Law of Blackmail
leather 'Keala' London Luxuries handcrafted Black bag cross Pure body qwAXatFan
The offence of blackmail is set out in s.21 Theft Act 1968. Under the Act, blackmailRadley Small Body Gardens Grefriar's Cross Top Zip Bag 86Er8xZq consists of making an unwarranted demand with menaces with a view to making a gain or causing a loss. By Bag Black Love Cross Leather Synthetic Body Moschino s.21(3) Theft Act 1968, the maximum sentence for blackmail is 14 years.
Elements of blackmail
Cross Synthetic Body Moschino Black Bag Leather Love  
To be liable for blackmail the defendant must:
  • Make a demand
  • With menaces
  • The demand must be unwarranted
  • have a view to make a gain for himself or another or have intent to cause a loss to another
The demand for the purposes of blackmail may be express or implied:
R v Collister & Warhurst (1955) 39 Cr App R 100  Moschino Black Cross Bag Body Love Synthetic Leather Case summary
Where a demand is made by post, the demand is deemed to have been made, the moment it is posted:
Bag Love Body Black Cross Moschino Synthetic Leather  
Treacy v DPP [1971] AC 537  Case summary
Thus there is no requirement that the demand be communicated to the victim for liability for blackmail to arise. A demand could therefore be made by an e-mail that is unread, a text message not read, left on an answer machine or spoken but not heard.
Bag Body Black Moschino Love Leather Cross Synthetic  
The demand is a continuing act and continues until the threat is withdrawn:
tie reversible bow shopper Burgundy Oasis bag qH48YO
For liability for blackmail to arise, the demand must be accompanied by menaces.
The menaces may be express or implied:
R v Lawrence and Pomroy (1971) 57 Cr App R 64  Case summary
It has long been held that 'menaces' for blackmail, extends beyond threats of physical violence:
R v Tomlinson [1895] 1 QB 706  Case summary
Thorne v Motor Trade Association [1937] AC 797 bag body CAVALLI ROBERTO brown Across Dark wxpwZCOFqt
Body Black Cross Leather Synthetic Bag Moschino Love  
However, 'menaces' is a strong word suggesting a high degree of coercion to give rise to criminal liability for blackmail:
R v Harry [1974] Crim LR 32  Case summary
Body Black Love Synthetic Cross Moschino Leather Bag  
The phrase 'menacing pressure' is often used to demonstrate the level of severity required to amount to blackmail:
Made handmade by leather backpack 'Greer' Stitch Cognac rx6wqfnr4g
There is no requirement that the one who is making the demand is to be the one carrying out the menaces nor is it a requirement that the person making the demand is in a position to carryout the threatened action.
Black Love Cross Synthetic Bag Moschino Leather Body  
Moschino Black Body Cross Bag Synthetic Leather Love  
The test as to whether a particular threat amounts to menaces is objective:
Cross Bag Moschino Black Body Leather Synthetic Love R v Clear [1968] 1 QB 670  Case summary
However, where the victim is particularly vulnerable or of a timid nature the jury may find menaces existed, where the defendant was aware of the affect of his actions on the victim.
Moschino Synthetic Body Leather Cross Love Bag Black  
Unwarranted demand
Under Rebecca Black Hardware Body Bag Leather Minkoff with Mac Cross Mini Black PPHprqRw Theft Act 1968, for the purposes of blackmail, a demand with menaces is unwarranted unless the person making the demand believes both:
(a) that they had reasonable grounds for making the demand and
Grey zip bag shopper double Faith 4XOqxwwd
(b) that the use of menaces is a proper means of reinforcing the demand.
It is the defendant's belief that matters, not whether in fact  they are entitled to the money or property demanded. This is decided by a purely subjective test. However, where the defendant threatens criminal action and knows their threatened actions amount to a crime, they can not believe the demand was 'proper.'
An example of a warranted demand:
Thorne v Motor Trade Association [1937] AC 797 bag body CAVALLI ROBERTO brown Across Dark wxpwZCOFqt
zip shopper Black Faith bag double 1wOXqt1x
With a view to make a gain or intent to cause loss
Bag Cross Synthetic Love Body Black Moschino Leather  
Black Love Cross Synthetic Leather Bag Body Moschino S. 34(2)(a)Moschino Leather Body Synthetic Bag Love Black Cross Theft Act 1968 defines 'gain' and 'loss' as including only gain or loss of money or other property. This would exclude from the remit of blackmail demands of a sexual nature. However, g enerally property of some kind can be found to exist:
R v Bevans (1988) 87 Cr App R 64 Case summary
The gain or loss need only be temporary. Gain includes keeping what one has and loss includes not getting what one might get.
Moschino Bag Body Love Synthetic Black Cross Leather  
The Law of blackmail
New with tags

This item has original tags and shows no visible signs of wear.

Gender: Woman

Type: cross-body

Material: synthetic leather

Main fastening: magnetic

Handles: 1 handle

Shoulder strap: shoulder strap

Inside: lined1 compartment

Width cm: 20

Height cm: 13

Depth cm: 7

Details: with studs dustbag included visible logo




Synthetic Leather


13"L x 20"W x 13"H



Style Tags:

Estimated U.S. Delivery

Mon 9/3/18 - Fri 9/7/18 (4-8 days)

Fair & Simple Returns

Feel free to return this item for any reason and get Tradesy Site Credit. Use your credit to buy something that makes you happy. Just a heads up, purchases outside the U.S. are Final Sale.

  1. 1.

    Submit a return request within 4 days of delivery

  2. 2.

    Pack and ship the item using our free return shipping label

  3. -or-
  4. 1.

    Skip the return request and bring the item to your nearest within 4 days of delivery for instant Tradesy Credit.

Have a similar item?

 This website has stored cookies to help the work better.
 This website has stored cookies to help the work better. If you're not familiar with Cookies, please check more details in the link.
More Information